The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is an energy importing country, which increases the ratio of imported energy to GDP and leads to a great pressure on the balance of payments and the constant need for foreign currencies to finance the purchase of the Kingdom's energy needs. This requires searching for alternative sources of traditional energy. The most important alternative sources available in the Kingdom. As the strategies are flexible enough to keep abreast of developments and events, the renewable energy strategy has been modified to target 20% of the total energy mix in 2020, A strategy to develop ways to exploit diverse renewable sources of energy including solar, wind, geothermal, geothermal, hydropower and other natural resources to contribute to increasing the proportion of renewable energy from the total energy mix, which would reduce the oil bill and diversify energy sources and protectEnvironment for sustainable development.
The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan is clearly rich in renewable sources of energy (renewable energy is the energy produced from natural sources, including solar, wind, hydropower and bioenergy), especially solar energy, with the potential of rising average direct solar radiation. Kingdom of the so-called countries of the solar belt, the areas between the latitudes 25 North and 25 South, has been shown by various scientific studies that the number of days when the sun rises to the Kingdom of 316 days a year and an average of 8 hours per day, Is one of the best sources of renewable energy to generate electricity in the Kingdom. Many regions in the Kingdom are characterized by wind speeds ranging from 7-8.5 meters per second, which is an appropriate speed for building plants that use wind energy to generate electricity.
The adoption of renewable energy has become a global feature and scope for international cooperation and exchange of experiences in this field. In order to secure the legislative environment of institutions concerned with the renewable energy sector, several laws, regulations and instructions have been issued in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. The first is the Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation Law No. 13 of 2012 to regulate all Renewable energy sources and to encourage reliance on renewable energy sources to generate electricity, encourage investment and competition in the sector, and encourage inputs of production, processing and any equipment that help to conserve energy in general. Many of the regulations and instructions provided for in this Act to achieve these objectives. The Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, in cooperation with specialized technical bodies and centers, shall work on plans to improve the sector and optimize its utilization, through coordination with the wholesale licensee, tender or solicitation on competitive grounds for the development of one or more of the sites listed in the approved land list In accordance with the provisions of the Renewable Energy Law and the rationalization of energy for the purposes of generating electricity. The renewable energy sector in the Kingdom is regulated and monitored by the Energy and Minerals Regulatory Authority by specifying the different responsibilities of the licensees and granting them the necessary licenses under the laws, regulations and regulations in force for practicing the various activities based on the balance between the interests of consumers and licensees, investors and any other related parties.
In the past years, there has been a remarkable growth in the increase in dependence on renewable energy through the completion of several projects in addition to the signing of a number of energy purchase agreements that pave the way for future projects in the field of renewable energy. The Kingdom also witnessed a remarkable growth in the use of solar energy to cover the private consumption of homes and houses Worship as well as the entry of these systems on the commercial, hotel and industrial sector through the systems of net measurement and transit.
The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, represented by the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources and in partnership with the Energy and Minerals Regulatory Authority, seeks to reduce the waste of electricity and the wrong use of it by spreading energy awareness among citizens and informing them of the impact of the misuse of electricity and its negative impact on their consumption. .